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In fact, the unemployed reads such a report and forgets about his own misfortune for a while.

In fact, the unemployed reads such a report and forgets about his own misfortune for a while.

He was the first journalist to do it on a plane "Nester loop" and then described it in a fascinating report.

Under the guise of an orientalist interested in antiquities, he entered a Buddhist monastery, thanks to which he was able to convincingly expose religious obscurantism in his articles.

The way to study the problem, which Koltsov chose after becoming a Moscow taxi driver, proved to be the most effective, because it allowed him to solve the question of "from inside" in all its aspects. The journalist spent three days behind the wheel, meeting and talking to dozens of people. And then he wrote a report, which can still be a model of journalistic skills.

Another time Koltsov took the place of a clerk in the district registry office: and again — a few bright ones "contours of human behavior" reflections on the order in the institution, which in no way should be bureaucratic …

Koltsov’s energy and reporter’s initiative were inexhaustible, as was his erudition. How much he knew and how many different things he could do! He extracted truly sensational material. And what is a sensation?

Much attention is paid to sensations in the newspapers and magazines of bourgeois countries. What interests their reporters? Let’s turn the pages of some publications. Here is a big photo report in the weekly about the crash of a passenger plane. It caught fire on takeoff, and a photojournalist who happened to be at the airport managed to take a number of pictures. On the first we see tongues of flame that engulfed the fuselage, on the second — landing, then an explosion, charred corpses of passengers, a small group of lucky people who managed to escape — distorted, distorted faces, tears …

Why is this? From the standpoint of Soviet morality, tasting tragedy is not a matter worthy of a journalist. And capitalist newspapers and magazines pay large sums for such materials. Because they help to divert the reader’s attention from the problems that bourgeois propaganda is trying to cover up. In fact, the unemployed reads such a report and forgets about his own misfortune for a while. That’s why reporters with microphones rush to the grief-stricken woman, whose two children died in this accident, trying to snatch at least a few words from her interview. Because each such word is valued at tens or even hundreds of dollars.

Bourgeois reporters can wait for hours to capture a person who has decided to commit suicide, dedicate huge materials to gangsters, murderers, leaders of various gangs, sparing no color to describe their "feats"…

And how much grief popular film actors, singers, artists suffer from them! Sensation hunters simply besiege them. They secretly climb over the fence that encloses the house of the famous movie star to take some pictures, chase her at work, on the street, on vacation. It was the reporters who nearly led the suicide of the famous French film actress Bridget Bardot, covering the press with lies and half-lies about her personal life.

The Soviet press, as well as the progressive foreign press, strongly reject such "sensations"… She has a completely different goal. However, the term "sensational material" lives in us. What is its difference, we will see in a few examples.

Sometime in the late 1950s, a progressive American journalist, John G. Griffin, who often published accusatory articles about racial discrimination in the United States, decided to do a dangerous experiment. He put black make-up on his face, put on a wig and turned into a black man. More than one day, Griffin traveled the streets of cities in the American South, where racists feel particularly free. He rode in a vehicle "only for blacks" ate in appropriate canteens, more than once became the object of severe insults from those who are still ready to lynch a Negro for the slightest offense, risked their lives …

And then published a detailed diary of everything he experienced. "This document of despair and gloom, Griffin recalled, blames not individuals but rather a system that denies people their human rights."…

It was a really sensational book, in the best sense of the word. But the author had to pay for it. Kukluksklanivtsi began to persecute him, threatened! shorten the age. And the journalist and his family were forced to leave their home and move to another city.

Larisa Reisper, a journalist from the turbulent years of the Civil War, performed many real feats for the revolutionaries. her business trips for essays or reports often put a woman in a situation where she had to weigh her life. She was the world’s first female sailor and created a chronicle of the exploits of the Volga-Caspian flotilla, wrote a series of wonderful essays on Afghanistan, which had just gained independence, traveled to the Urals, went down with workers to mines and mines — and all for the sake of a true story. or magazines.

Wrap the name of Mikhail Koltsov. Koltsov once learned (it was in his twenties) that in the German city of Sonnenburg, a revolutionary sentenced to life imprisonment, Max Gelz, was suffering. Once in this city, the journalist took out someone else’s passport and, for better or worse, got a date with a prisoner. And then in the newspaper "Truth" told about the hero-revolutionary, about his comrades, about the inhuman tortures of courageous fighters for justice.

Later, when he was released, Max Geltz described the meeting as follows:

"During the eight years of my imprisonment in Germany, my friends and party comrades were very often forbidden to visit me.

When the defense lawyer came, I was even forbidden to extend a hand to greet him.

The success of the hit Soviet journalist must be considered a real sensation "smuggled" just to my camera.

We prisoners of the Sonnenburg prison, however, heard about the Russian "truthful" about "frantic" Mikhail Koltsov, but none of us knew buy essay cheap compare and contrast him personally, and it never occurred to us that a journalist from the Soviet Union would get inside the iron ring of our isolation"…

The German revolutionary called this action of the Soviet journalist a sensation. And he had every reason to do so.

In difficult years, when fascism was rushing to power in a number of European countries, Mikhail Koltsov, constantly risking his life, traveled to many capitalist states. In Italy he managed to meet with the leader of the fascist gang Mussolini, in Yugoslavia he interviewed a former tsarist general. And when the Spanish Civil War broke out, he was one of the first journalists to report from the front line.

And nowadays Soviet journalists have to visit more than once "hot spots" planet to bring the word of truth to millions of readers. We are all anxiously watching television programs from southern Africa, where the brutal struggle of the peoples enslaved by racists is taking place, and we are reading angry reports in newspapers and magazines.

The Soviet press needs such a sensation. In order to obtain such materials, our journalists overcome the difficult paths they have chosen together with their profession.

Who just did not have to visit journalists these days! Waiters in restaurants and drivers, train conductors and police, salesmen and postmen …

For a fun and easy-looking hoax — hard, unusual, and sometimes unpleasant work.

Knowledge, knowledge and once again knowledge

A journalist must know a lot — he knows a lot. He must be well acquainted with various spheres of social and political life, science, and culture. Versatile awareness is one of the main features of a journalist. This feature of the journalistic profession was pointed out by Friedrich Engels, about whose creative skill Karl Marx wrote: "It is a real encyclopedia. Able to work at any hour of the day or night, after meals and on an empty stomach, writes quickly and smart as hell"…

It is safe to say that in this description of Engels formulated the basic requirements for a journalist, the press must learn all his life, to follow the new in the field in which they undertake to write. After all, you can not promote outdated techniques and methods of work, "with the scientific appearance of an expert" give recommendations or take a general description of events and facts.

Once a famous writer and journalist Yuri Olesha in a circle of friends made fun of "masters" newspaper stamps: "How to write an essay? We enter. The bronze sun gilds the middle of the courtyard. A strong, stout figure moves towards the gate of the foundry. I know Ivan Dmitrievich Petrekov at first sight. While still on the move, he extends his wide, smoky palm to me …"

Such banal descriptions sometimes "traveling" Talented authors from material to material, of course, do not bother readers, do not help them to clearly imagine the image of the person in question.

There are often superficial descriptions of certain events in newspapers: the journalist himself did not understand their essence, does not know the subject about which he writes. Let us recall in this connection the apt words of Vera Ketlinska: "To write one page, you need to be able to write about the same thirty pages …"

Author of the famous play "Man with a gun" Mykola Fedorovych Pogodin recalls a case from his journalistic biography that became a wonderful lesson for him for the rest of his life. By order of the then secretary of the editorial board "The truth" Maria Ilyinichna Ulyanova, he went to Azerbaijan to write about the progress of oil production. The young journalist toured the fields and talked to people. Saw: there are rigs, pumps. Silence. Purity. I traveled for a week and felt I could not write anything worthwhile. Turned to the chief engineer "Aznafti" with a request to pick up the literature on oil production — from the most popular to special.

The heat in Azerbaijan was terrible, up to forty degrees. Drenched in sweat, the novice journalist, without leaving the hotel, as a conscientious student, read everything in a row, from the history of oil production and ending with a description of modern drilling tools at the time. "fishtail"… And only after gaining some knowledge, he went fishing again. What before "was silent" "spoke"… People were happy to talk to a journalist who was well versed in production issues, talking about their successes and failures.

Pogodin wrote an essay about the new in oil production, about the technical revolution on the Absheron Peninsula and showed it to the deputy chief "Aznafti"…